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Microsoft. Linux. Description.
Hardware.
  ethØ  First network card.
a:, b:,, fd, fd1,,  Floppy drive. First, Second,, drives.
c:, d:,, hda, hdb,,  IDE hard drive. First, Second,, drives.
c:, e:,, hda1, hda5,,  IDE hard drive. First, Second,, partitions in first hard drive.
LPT 1 to LPT 3,, lpØ to lp2,,  Parallel ports
PS/2 psaux  PS/2 mouse.
  sda, sdb,,  SCSI hard drive. First, Second,, drives.
  sda1, sda2,,  SCSI hard drive. First, Second,, partitions in first hard drive.
COM 1 to COM 4,, ttySØ to ttyS3,,  Serial communications ports.

Note: As pointed out by Anders Johansson. I used a Ø for a zero, it was used to save confusion with the letter o. The uncommon New Zealand way of writing a zero. (Zero has no value, so you put a cross through it)

 .
Text commands.
cd.. cd ..  Goes back one directory.
cd\ cd /  Goes to root directory.
cd\xyz cd /xyz  Goes to "xyz" directory.
copy cp  Copies a file.
type [filename]|more less [filename]  Screen display a document file.
dir ls  List contents of the directory.
dir ls -l  List contents of the directory in detail.
md or mkdir mkdir  Makes a new directory.
ren mv  Move a file to new name.
del rm  Deletes a file. ReMove
(Graphical and text)
"Ctrl" + "Alt" + "Delete"
shutdown -r now  Reboot.
  shutdown -h now
halt
 Shutdown.
/? --help  Command-line options.e.g. ls --help
 .
More Information.
FAT, VFAT
Windows NT, NTFS
ext2
iso9660 (CDROM)
 file systems.
lpq  List jobs in the Print Queue.
lprm [job number]  Remove job from printer queue.
lprm -a or lprm  Remove all jobs from printer queue.
pwd  Print (screen print) Working Directory.
rmdir  Remove empty Directory.
su  log-on as Super User or root user, then enter password.
[   ] &>screen.txt  writes error message to a text file called screen.
[   ] >&screen.txt  writes error message to a text file called screen.
[   ] 2>screen.txt  writes error message to a text file called screen.
[   ] 2>&screen.txt  writes error message to a text file called screen.
[   ] 2>>screen.txt  writes error message to a text file called screen.
[   ] >>screen.txt  writes error message to a text file called screen.
[   ] >screen.txt  writes error message to a text file called screen.
 .
Installation.
rpm -ivh [*.rpm FILE]  Install a new program.
rpm -Uvh [*.rpm FILE]  Upgrade a program.
tar -zxvf [*.tar.gz FILE]  Unzip a file.
tar xvfj [*.bz2.* FILE]  Unzip a bz2 file.(The j will handle the bz2 part)

Did you know you can prevent typing errors and drag text (or file names) over?
Lets say you wish to un-zip and install j2sdk-1.3.1-FCS-linux-i386.tar.bz2
You start off with ls to get a list of file names,
Then you type in tar xvfj
You run the mouse over the j2sdk-1.3.1-FCS-linux-i386.tar.bz2 to highlight the file name,
Then left click drag it in behind the tar xvfj
To get tar xvfj j2sdk-1.3.1-FCS-linux-i386.tar.bz2 then press "Enter"

Or you can try method two:
Highlight the filename or directory, right click on it, then select "Paste".

The above will make a directory called j2sdk-1.3.1 and will un-zip the contents of
j2sdk-1.3.1-FCS-linux-i386.tar.bz2 into that directory, then return to the text prompt.
If you followed the above instructions and now you press the "" up arrow key on the keyboard you would see
tar xvfj j2sdk-1.3.1-FCS-linux-i386.tar.bz2 pressing it again will show
ls pressing it more times will show other commands you have used. Likewise pressing the "" down arrow key will show the commands in reverse order.

To continue on with the install go to the directory it has just made, you will see it displayed on the screen as the file tar xvfj j2sdk-1.3.1-FCS-linux-i386.tar.bz2 is unpacked, and look for a text file called INSTALL, in my example I see to install I have one of two options.

ln -s /usr/local/j2sdk1.3.1/jre/plugin/i386/mozilla/javaplugin_oji.so ~/mozilla-0.9.1/plugins/

su # become root user, then enter your password.
ln -s /usr/local/j2sdk1.3.1/jre/plugin/i386/mozilla/javaplugin_oji.so /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/

I went for the second option but did not have a /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/ file path so one could do a file search on plugins and find it in /usr/local/mozilla/plugins/

So the link command was
ln -s /usr/local/j2sdk1.3.1/jre/plugin/i386/mozilla/javaplugin_oji.so /usr/local/mozilla/plugins/

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To move a actice display on the screen Hold the "Alt" key and "left click" then drag the mouse on the display.

To put a Icon on KDE desktop to read windows partitions.
The following works for Red Hat.

step 1
Edit /etc/fstab file, put in
dev/hda1 mnt/C:drive vfat noauto,user 0 0 if you save fstab file now a icon called C:drive will appear on the desk top

step 2
Make folders in /mnt folder such as /mnt/C:drive

step 3
To put more Icons from other partitions on desktop, if you have extended partitions you will have to get the D: drive hda# off the partition table as given in step 4, it might be for example hda5

repeat step 1 and step 2 changing C:drive to D:drive or what ever.

step 4
To get partition table log on as root and type in
fdisk -l /dev/hda

The following works for Mandrake.
Right-click on the desktop, => Select "Create New" => Select "Hard Disc.. ",
Select "General" (tab), => Enter "C Drive",
Select "Device" (tab), => Click "Device", => Select "/dev/hda1(/windows/c)".

Similar programs.
(Dial up) kinternet, kppp, wvdial.
(Email) KMail, Netscape, Mozilla.

Linux programs.
(ftp upload) gFTP, KBear.
(Photoshop) GIMP (does not have CMYK)
(Word processing) OpenOffice.
(Spreadsheet) Gnumeric.
(Zip) Ark.
things to read,
linux.pdf, 1.87Mb, Copyright c Paul Sheer October 21, 2000
linuxmanual.pdf, 94Kb, Version 3.0 May 1999 squadron(at)powerup.com.au
LPB2003.pdf, 4.93Mb, Copyright APC magazine 2003